Fight against a drunkenness in history of humanity
Every people and every epoch the customs, habits, are peculiar to, character the lives, conditioned by economic and social terms, the forms of attitude toward successes and failures, to the glad and sad events of everyday life. Last from deep antiquity accompanied by the use of swizzles or some other substances, changing an ordinary everyday mental condition on some special one, consisting in the «psychical discharging», to the «nervous shaking» etc.
A man grows, brought up and formed as personality is in the terms and traditions that is very steady and possess frightful force folded before.
Judging on historical documents, the negative consequences of drunkenness people marked in the year one. Yet in ancient times in a number of countries undertook firm measures against this evil. For example, the ancient Greek doctor Hippocrates named alcoholic intoxication voluntarily madness. In ancient Sparta the use wines despised, in edification gave to drink wine of slaves and demonstrated them in such kind to the people. Here 2th millennium to н. э. in China the persons trapped during a drinking-bout were exposed to the death penalty. In ancient India of the members of religious sect of brahmin proved by guilty in a drunkenness compelled to drink from a burning hot metallic vessel hot wine, boiling water, cow urine, boiling milk to the offensive of death. The wife of brahmin, proved by guilty in a drunkenness, was banished from a house, and on a forehead her red-hot iron was burn out a vessel from that she drank wine. Every Roman had a right to kill the wife, if found her drunk. Suppose that disintegration of the Roman empire was predefined by alcoholic degeneration of dominating apex. In ancient Athens intoxication was considered the state deserving contempts, drunk fined for the first time, and on the second - executed.
Fight against a drunkenness proceeded and in the period of Middle ages. In particular in Russia in XV - XVII of century it was forbidden to drink wine to dinner, during work, to the men - to drink enough to drunk, and to the women - to love wine and let to drink to folks, except for certain triumphs. With XVIII of century the attempts of realization of state антиалкогольных measures were undertaken in some countries. For example, in the USA in the middle of XIX of century a trade-off was entered by hard liquors, and from 1918 to 1932 there was a dry law that in the beginning resulted in sharp reduction of death rate from alcoholic diseases, to criminality etc., but was after anniented from subsequent distribution of underground production and contraband import of swizzles, height of death rate from poisoning by them and substitutes, height of drug addiction. And prohibitions on the sale of swizzles imposed restriction in Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark and other countries, but were anniented on the same reasons. In Russia with 1914 also there was (actually formally) a dry law, but he appeared uneffective from impossibility of the state to provide due control after his implementation (anniented in 1925).
In respect of the dry law, accepted to the USSR of May, 16, 1985, then an effect from his introduction appeared positive for an entire country. Sharply a birth-rate rose and the death rate of population (in a great deal due to reduction of amount of deaths from cardiovascular diseases) went down. The level of criminality went down in several times. The middle labour productivity rose. Unfortunately, with disintegration of Soviet Union a dry law lost the force and became part of modern history.